Medical Library

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Man holding capsule reading leaflet on minoxidil side effects.
Hair loss treatments

Minoxidil Side Effects

Minoxidil is a time-tested treatment for hair loss. It’s available in different forms, some of which can be purchased over the counter, while others will need a prescription. When comparing topical...

Hair loss treatmentsMan considering dutasteride 05 mg dose for hair loss.

Dutasteride 0.5 mg Capsule

The most commonly prescribed form of dutasteride is the dutasteride 0.5 mg capsule. Dutasteride has not been approved in the USA or Canada for hair loss at any dosage but can be prescribed off-labe...

Hair loss treatmentsMan with dropper of rosemary oil comparing rosemary vs minoxidil effects on hair.

Rosemary Oil vs Minoxidil

Rosemary oil is considered potentially useful to maintaining scalp health and even in treating pattern hair loss in men (also referred to as androgenetic alopecia). But how does it measure up to mi...

Hair loss treatmentsTopical dutasteride clinical trial scientist holding blood test tube.

Topical Dutasteride Clinical Trial Results

A newer generation 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, dutasteride, has increasingly been prescribed off-label to treat androgenetic alopecia. SiloxysSystem™ Gel, was developed to allow healthcare profess...

Hair loss treatmentsMan deciding on switching from finasteride to dutasteride.

Switching From Finasteride to Dutasteride

Dutasteride is increasingly being prescribed off-label to treat pattern hair loss. If you’re already taking finasteride, is there a good reason to switch to dutasteride? Both finasteride and dutast...

Hair loss treatmentsPharmacist giving patient finasteride over the counter.

Can I Buy Finasteride Over the Counter?

While there are over-the-counter treatments that may help with milder cases of hair thinning, the treatments that have the biggest impact typically require a prescription. In both the US and Canada...

Hair loss treatmentsSaw palmetto plant for hair growth and hair loss.

Saw Palmetto for Hair Growth

The saw palmetto plant has been used throughout history to treat various medical conditions and recently, it’s gained attention as a possible alternative treatment for androgenetic alopecia. While ...

Hair Loss CausesFather who may carry male pattern baldness gene with his son.

Male Pattern Baldness Gene

Whether hair loss comes from the father’s or mother’s side of the family is a hotly debated topic. It’s a common misconception that balding comes from the mother’s side of the family. Baldness is m...

Female Hair LossYoung woman taking tablet of dutasteride for female hair loss.

Dutasteride for Female Hair Loss

There is some data that suggests that dutasteride and other 5-alpha reductase inhibitors might work for female patients, but it's important to understand that the management of DHT levels is just o...

Hair loss treatments3D rendering of finasteride's structure to show how affects its mechanism of action.

Finasteride Mechanism of Action

Finasteride's mechanism of action involves binding to the 5 alpha-reductase enzyme and preventing testosterone from attaching to the enzyme and being transformed into DHT. This phenomenon is also r...

Hair loss treatmentsMan looking at hair considering using finasteride for hair loss.

Finasteride for Hair Loss

Finasteride is one of the most common drugs used to treat male hair loss. It’s an example of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (5-ARI), which works by blocking the action of an enzyme called 5-alpha re...

Hair loss treatmentsYoung couple considering finasteride and pregnancy safety.

Finasteride and Pregnancy

Finasteride should not be handled or used by women who are, or may become pregnant. This is because the medication works by lowering a male sex steroid hormone called DHT, which plays a key role in...

Hair loss treatmentsMan examining drug brochure for finasteride interactions.

Finasteride Interactions

Drug interactions can affect how the body breaks down a medication and may have an effect on drug safety. A few key interactions with finasteride to be aware of include Viagra, alcohol and certain ...

Hair loss treatmentsPile of generic vs branded dutasteride tablets.

Dutasteride Cost

In addition to being a costlier medication than finasteride, topical formulations of dutasteride tend to also cost more than the oral pill. There are many reasons for these price discrepancies and ...

Hair Loss CausesYoung man looking in mirror touching hair wondering about causes of hair loss.

Causes of Hair Loss

Sex steroid hormones drive the development of androgenetic alopecia (also known as male pattern hair loss). But there are many other reasons and causes for hair loss. Let this be your starting poin...

Hair loss treatmentsYoung man taking dutasteride while researching dutasteride side effects on his laptop.

Dutasteride Side Effects

Dutasteride can be prescribed off-label to treat male pattern hair loss. Like other medications used to treat hair loss, there are some associated side effects that may be reduced by switching to a...

Hair loss treatmentsMan looking out window looking worried about post-finasteride syndrome.

Post-Finasteride Syndrome

In general, finasteride is a safe and well-tolerated medication. But some people who experience side effects find that they last even after stopping the medication. This is a rare condition called ...

Hair HealthCGI rendered image of hairs emerging from scalp to illustrate the hair growth cycle.

How Does Hair Grow? The Hair Growth Cycle

The hair growth cycle can be broken down into three main stages that describe the process through which the hair follicle produces a healthy hair. These stages are anagen, catagen and telogen.

Hair Loss CausesMan caressing hair experiencing the early signs of androgenetic alopecia.

What Is Androgenetic Alopecia?

Having great hair is an instant confidence boost. But for some, androgenetic alopecia (also known as male pattern baldness) can put a damper on things. The cause of this type of hair loss is mainly...

Hair loss treatmentsSurgeon performing hair transplant on patient who will need to take finasteride after transplant.

Finasteride After Hair Transplant

You may be wondering you still need to take finasteride after undergoing a surgical hair transplant. In general, it's highly recommended that you continue to take finasteride to slow down the thinn...

Hair HealthMan with advanced hair loss according to the Hamilton Norwood scale.

What is the Hamilton-Norwood scale?

Male pattern hair loss is assessed using a tool called the Hamilton-Norwood scale. A person's Norwood score provides a visual indication of how advanced their hair loss is and can provide valuable ...

Hair HealthYoung man lifting weights exploring relationship between working out and hair loss

Does Working Out Cause Hair Loss?

Exercise temporarily increases levels of testosterone and the stress hormone cortisol. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are metabolic byproducts, also increase in concentration. Do these change...

Hair HealthMan touching thyroid gland for signs of hypothyroidism leading to hair loss.

Hormones and Hair Loss: Hypothyroidism

Thyroid hormones and thyroid dysfunction can have dramatic effects on hair health. It's important to be aware of the differences between hair loss due to the thyroid and other causes, as treatment ...

Hair HealthThree generations of men depicting the role of testosterone and DHT in men's health and development.

The Role of Testosterone and DHT in Men's Health

Testosterone and DHT are two key male sex hormones. They often come up in discussions of male hair loss, but also serve important roles in the maintenance of male health.